Tuesday, October 18, 2011

Simple HTML parser in Java

Some time we may require to parse a HTML file. In this example i used jsoup: Java HTML Parser because its simple to configure and easy to understand with lots of feature which can be customize according to our requirement. http://jsoup.org/
We used the jsoup jar (version 1.6.1), To run this example download jsoup-1.6.1.jar and set it in your classpath.

We can either hit a HTTP URL or read from a HTML file according to our requirement.

The parse(File in, String charsetName) method loads and parses a HTML file.
File input = new File("/tmp/input.html");
Document doc = Jsoup.parse(input,"UTF-8");

The connect(String url) method creates a new Connection, and get() fetches and parses a HTML file.
Document doc = Jsoup.connect("http://example.com/").get();

Also you can parse a document from a String
String html = "<html><head><title>First parse</title></head>"
  + "<body><p>Parsed HTML into a doc.</p></body></html>";
Document doc = Jsoup.parse(html);


Lets look at API for jsoup. http://jsoup.org/apidocs/

Lets see a sample code, you can customize it according to your requirement. Just set jsoup-1.6.1.jar in your classpath, provide a HTMl file to read and run the program.

/* SimpleHTMLParser.java */

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Iterator;

import org.jsoup.Jsoup;
import org.jsoup.nodes.Attribute;
import org.jsoup.nodes.Attributes;
import org.jsoup.nodes.Document;
import org.jsoup.nodes.Element;
import org.jsoup.select.Elements;

public class SimpleHTMLParser {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
       
       
        //File htmlFile = new File("C:/temp/VariableDeclarations.html");       
        //Document doc = Jsoup.parse(htmlFile, "UTF-8");
       
        Document doc = Jsoup.connect("http://localhost:8080/temp/VariableDeclarations.html").get();
       
        Element headElement = doc.head();//Accessor to the document's head element.
        Elements allHeadElements =  headElement.children();//Get this element's child elements.
       
        //For formatting output
        String indent = "";
       
        parseElements(allHeadElements,indent);
       
        Element bodyElement = doc.body();//Accessor to the document's body element.
        Elements allBodyElements =  bodyElement.children();//Get this element's child elements.
       
        parseElements(allBodyElements,indent);

    }
   
    public static void parseElements(Elements allElements,String indent) {
       
        //For formatting output
        indent += " ";
       
        if(!allElements.isEmpty()) {
           
                for(int i=0;i<allElements.size();i++) {
               
                Element eachChildrenElement = allElements.get(i);
               
                //If the tag has text values
                if(eachChildrenElement.hasText()) {
                   
                    Elements allChlidElements = eachChildrenElement.children();
                   
                    //If Elements has child nodes, then call parseElements() recursively
                    if(allChlidElements.size() > 0) {
                        System.out.println(indent+eachChildrenElement.tagName());
                        parseElements(allChlidElements,indent);
                    }
                    //Else this is a leaf node, print the values
                    else {
                        System.out.println(indent+eachChildrenElement.tagName()+" : "+eachChildrenElement.text());
                    }
                }
                //Else check for attributes
                else {
                    Attributes attrs = eachChildrenElement.attributes();
                   
                    Iterator<Attribute> itAttrs = attrs.iterator();
                   
                    System.out.print(indent+eachChildrenElement.tagName()+" : Attributes :: ");
                   
                    while(itAttrs.hasNext()) {
                        Attribute attr = itAttrs.next();
                        System.out.print(attr.getKey()+" - "+attr.getValue()+", ");
                    }
                    //For formatting output
                    System.out.println("");
                }
            }//for
           
        }
    }//parseElements

}

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