Monday, July 20, 2009

JSP: Develop simple WAP page

WAP stands for Wireless Application Protocol. Basically wap pages are made for mobile browser. Lets try to understand how to make wap pages using JSP

Few terms required to understand before starting for developing a WAP site

MSISDN
MSISDN stands for "Mobile Subscriber Integrated Services Digital Network Number" is nothing but phone number.

USER AGENT
A user agent is the client application used with a particular network protocol.
When you visit a Web page, your browser sends the user-agent string to the server
hosting the site that you are visiting. This string indicates which browser you
are using, its version number, and details about your system, such as operating
system and version. The Web server can use this information to provide content that
is tailored for your specific browser.With the help of user agen we can detect user phone type (handset).

X WAP PROFILE
X Wap profile is mostly a xml file which contains complete details of a particular
mobile phone.X Wap profile contain details like screen size, midpi etc. etc.

Few examples of X Wap profile

Nokia 3110c"http://nds1.nds.nokia.com/uaprof/N3110cr100.xml"
NokiaE71"http://nds1.nds.nokia.com/uaprof/NE71-1r100.xml"
SonyEricssonK750c"http://wap.sonyericsson.com/UAprof/K750cR101.xml"
SAMSUNG-SGH-J210"http://wap.samsungmobile.com/uaprof/SGH-J210.xml"
LG-KG195"http://gsm.lge.com/html/gsm/LG-UAP-KG195-v0.1.xml"


if you want x wap profile of any handset just mail me at madan712@gmail.com


Lets look at a simple jsp code for a wap page.


<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//WAPFORUM//DTD XHTML Mobile 1.0//EN" "http://www.wapforum.org/DTD/xhtml-mobile10.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">
<%@ page import="java.net.*,java.io.*" %>
<%!
//This function is just used to get mobile Screen size
public static String getScreenSize(String x_wap_profile)
{
x_wap_profile = x_wap_profile.replaceAll("\"","");

String screen_size = "";

try
{
URL url= new URL(x_wap_profile);

URLConnection connection = url.openConnection();

BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(connection.getInputStream()));

String line = "";



while((line=in.readLine()) != null)
{
line = line.trim();
if(line.startsWith("<prf:ScreenSize>"))
{

line = line.replaceAll("<prf:ScreenSize>","");
line = line.replaceAll("</prf:ScreenSize>","");

screen_size = line;

break;
}
}

//closing resource
in.close();
connection=null;
}
catch(Exception ex)
{
//any default value
screen_size = "128x160";
}


//System.out.println("screen_size : "+screen_size);

return screen_size;
}
%>
<%
// get phone number
String phone_number = request.getHeader("x-nokia-msisdn");
if(phone_number==null)
phone_number = request.getHeader("x-msisdn");
if(phone_number==null)
phone_number = request.getHeader("X-msisdn");
if(phone_number==null)
phone_number = request.getHeader("X-MSISDN");
if(phone_number==null)
phone_number = request.getHeader("msisdn");
if(phone_number==null)
phone_number = request.getHeader("Nokia-msisdn");

String user_agent = request.getHeader("USER-AGENT");

//String phone_type = user_user_agent.substring(0,user_user_agent.indexOf("/"));

String phone_type = "";

int in = user_agent.indexOf("/");
if(in > 0)
phone_type=user_agent.substring(0,in);

if(phone_type.toUpperCase().startsWith("MOZILLA") )
{
phone_type = user_agent.substring(user_agent.indexOf("Nokia"),user_agent.indexOf("/",user_agent.indexOf("Nokia")) );
}

String x_wap_profile = request.getHeader("x-wap-profile");

String screen_size = getScreenSize(x_wap_profile);
%>
<body align='left' topmargin='0' bottommargin='0' leftmargin='0' rightmargin='0' marginheight='0' marginwidth='0'>
<table border='1' cellspacing='0' cellpadding='0'>
<tr><td>Phone number</td><td><%= phone_number %></td></tr>
<tr><td>User agent</td><td><%= user_agent %></td></tr>
<tr><td>Phone type</td><td><%= phone_type %></td></tr>
<tr><td>X wap profile</td><td><%= x_wap_profile %></td></tr>
<tr><td>Screen size</td><td><%= screen_size %></td></tr>
</table>
</body>
</html>

Output of Nokia 3110c handset

Phone number919892558621
User agentNokia3110c/2.0(04.91)Profile/MIDP-2.0Configuration/CLDC-1.1
Phone typeNokia3110c
X wap profile"http://nds1.nds.nokia.com/uaprof/N3110cr100.xml"
Screen size128x160



Now two questions might have arise in your mind -
1. How do i test and debug these codes?
2. Mobiles screen are of different sizes, how same page get render in all handsets?

How to test and debug wap pages?

Answer of first question is simple, there is a tool available call Modify Headers which you can set in Mozilla fire fox browser by searching Add-ons. Just go to Tools -> Add-ons -> Get Add-ons. Search for Modify Headers.



Above shown screen shot show Modify Headers Add-ons, You can view it by clicking on Tools -> modify Headers.

Now atleast add two headers like
1. Name : user-agent
Value : Nokia3110c/Xyz (any handset name)
2. Name : msisdn
Value : 919892858621 (any mobile number)

Optionally u can also set x-wap-profile.

This is how you will get all features tested on browser same as it will work on mobile phone.

How to handle different screen sizes on different handsets?

Answer of the second question is still remaining. Here is how it goes...

Mostly Horizontal scroll is not allowed in a WAP page, to avoid you need to specify width of the page. if you modify above used function getScreenSize, you will get width of that particular handset. Different Screen sizes available are :

96x65,128x96,128x128,128x144,128x160,176x144,176x208,176x220,208x144,208x208,
208x320,240x320,320x240,322x320,350x380,352x416,360x640,400x340,400x400,505x190.

Lets look at another jsp code.

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//WAPFORUM//DTD XHTML Mobile 1.0//EN" "http://www.wapforum.org/DTD/xhtml-mobile10.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">
<%@ page import="java.net.*,java.io.*" %>
<%!
//This function is just used to get screen width
public static String getScreenWidth(String x_wap_profile)
{
x_wap_profile = x_wap_profile.replaceAll("\"","");

String screen_size = "";

String width = "";

try
{
URL url= new URL(x_wap_profile);

URLConnection connection = url.openConnection();

BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(connection.getInputStream()));

String line = "";



while((line=in.readLine()) != null)
{
line = line.trim();
if(line.startsWith("<prf:ScreenSize>"))
{

line = line.replaceAll("<prf:ScreenSize>","");
line = line.replaceAll("</prf:ScreenSize>","");

screen_size = line;

break;
}
}

//closing resource
in.close();
connection=null;
}
catch(Exception ex)
{
//any default
screen_size = "128x160";
}

width=screen_size.substring(0,screen_size.indexOf("x"));


//System.out.println("screen_size : "+screen_size);

return width;
}
%>
<%

String user_agent = request.getHeader("USER-AGENT");

//String phone_type = user_user_agent.substring(0,user_user_agent.indexOf("/"));

String phone_type = "";

int in = user_agent.indexOf("/");
if(in > 0)
phone_type=user_agent.substring(0,in);

if(phone_type.toUpperCase().startsWith("MOZILLA") )
{
phone_type = user_agent.substring(user_agent.indexOf("Nokia"),user_agent.indexOf("/",user_agent.indexOf("Nokia")) );
}

String x_wap_profile = request.getHeader("x-wap-profile");

String width = getScreenWidth(x_wap_profile);
%>
<body align='left' topmargin='0' bottommargin='0' leftmargin='0' rightmargin='0' marginheight='0' marginwidth='0' style="width: <%=width%>px;">
<table border='1' cellspacing='0' cellpadding='0' width='<%=width%>'>
<tr><td>Phone: <%= phone_type %></td></tr>
<tr><td>Screen width : <%= width %></td></tr>
<tr><td>Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here </td></tr>
</table>
</body>
</html>


Output on different Handsets

Phone: Nokia3110c
Screen width : 128
Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here
Phone: Nokia6600
Screen width : 176
Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here
Phone: NokiaN82
Screen width : 240
Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here
Phone: NokiaE71
Screen width : 320
Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here Put your contents here


My personal experience

Working with WAP pages (mobile browser) is more difficult than working with WEB pages (windows browser).

Few things to be noted to develop a wap pages, all tags must have its closing tags like <td>..</td> even for a single tags must be like <br/> and not <br>, <br> is wrong when you work on wap page.

All quotes must have be in single quotes '' and not double quotes "" for eg. <td colspan='2'> and not <td colspan="2">

ie. Follow XHTML convension

Also don't forget to include DOCTYPE

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//WAPFORUM//DTD XHTML Mobile 1.0//EN" "http://www.wapforum.org/DTD/xhtml-mobile10.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">

Because its painful when same things works on one phone and does not works on other phone. Also many other problems arises when you work on wap pages.

Plz do write your comments, any queries/help plz write me on madan712@gmail.com

3 comments:

  1. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  2. whatever you have written and coded, that was really great. but getting the msisdn does not work for all the phone devices. moreover the x-wap-profile is not available in all cases. is there any perfect solution to ensure it???

    thanks and regards

    ReplyDelete
  3. MSISDN is set in headers by operator, for example when you i "Airtel Live" i get MSISDN in Airtel but when i use "Mobile Office" i didn't get MSISDN, similarly with other operator.

    ReplyDelete